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MUSEUM OF MEDIEVAL TORTURE INSTRUMENTS
SOUVENIRS ROBIN RUTH IN AMSTERDAM AND THE WORLD
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The Museum of Medieval Torture Instruments and Glowgolf Amsterdam offer our visitors a great deal:
Come to the Museum and experience the dark ages! Right after your trip to the past, travel to the future with this amazing attraction just a few more steps close the NEMO building.
The Glowgolf Amsterdam offers you a minigolf experience with 3D Glasses and unique designs. An atraction out of this world.
Buy your ticket valid for Both attractions : the Museum and Glowgolf at our Entrance:
Looking for other activities in Amsterdam, such as the Famous Amsterdam Invasion Pubcrawl, the Beerbike or tickets for Comedy Clubs, Red light District Tours and much more!
Send us an email to firstname.lastname@example.org and we will give you an special discount for any of the tours in www.funamsterdam.com
Torture is the act of deliberately inflicting severe physical or psychological pain and possibly injury to a person (or animal), usually to one who is physically restrained or otherwise under the torturer's control or custody and unable to defend against what is being done to them. Torture has been carried out or sanctioned by individuals, groups and states throughout history from ancient times to modern day, and forms of torture can vary greatly in duration from only a few minutes to several days or even longer. Reasons for torture can include punishment, revenge, political re-education, deterrence, interrogation or coercion of the victim or a third party, or simply the sadistic gratification of those carrying out or observing the torture. The torturer may or may not intend to kill or injure the victim, but sometimes torture is deliberately fatal and can precede a murder or serve as a cruel form of capital punishment. In other cases, the torturer may be indifferent to the condition of the victim. Alternatively, some forms of torture are designed to inflict psychological pain or leave as little physical injury or evidence as possible while achieving the same psychological devastation. Depending on the aim, even a form of torture that is intentionally fatal may be prolonged to allow the victim to suffer as long as possible (such as half-hanging).
Although historically torture was sanctioned by some states, torture in the 21st century is prohibited under international law and the domestic laws of most countries. It is considered to be a violation of human rights, and is declared to be unacceptable by Article 5 of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Signatories of the Third Geneva Convention and Fourth Geneva Convention officially agree not to torture prisoners in armed conflicts. Torture is also prohibited by the United Nations Convention Against Torture, which has been ratified by 147 countries.
National and international legal prohibitions on torture derive from a consensus that torture and similar ill-treatment are immoral, as well as impractical. Despite these international conventions, organizations that monitor abuses of human rights (e.g. Amnesty International, theInternational Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims) report widespread use condoned by states in many regions of the world. Amnesty International estimates that at least 81 world governments currently practice torture, some of them openly.[4
The Amsterdam Canals: A History
by LeopoldoArnot Source www.amsterdo.com
While walking around Amsterdam you can’t help but notice the canals, and just how beautiful they are. The main Canal ring was made a UNESCO world heritage site in 2010 and this year they celebrate their 400th birthday and will play a big part in the Amsterdam 2013 celebrations throughout the year.
The canals have a rich history starting 400 years ago and were part of the economic and cultural boom during the 17th Century. The three canals which comprise the canal belt are the Herengracht, Prinsengracht and the Keizersgracht. Originally constructed in the Golden Age, the canal belt was built to improve the infrastructure of the city, to allow for new development and was part of a project to turn Amsterdam into a port city.
In 1602 the Dutch East India Trading company (or VOC) was born and this led to a massive boom in maritime trade, shipping goods from all corners of the globe. Because of this Amsterdam became one of Europe’s most important cities, which led to an influx of immigrants seeking wealth.
It attracted many highly skilled craftsmen, the political elite and the artistic elite. By 1685 Amsterdam’s per Capita income was four times that of Paris, which led to a huge boom in real-estate development along the canals during the 17th and 18th Centuries, many of which are still there today.
In 1621 the West Indies Company was formed, and this meant that the Dutch became the centre of the slave trade between the West Coast of Africa, the Americas and the West Indies. At one point the WIC was the second biggest trader of slaves in this area, it wasn’t until 1790 that they stopped trading because of abolitionists and slave rebellions. This year Amsterdam will be celebrating 150 years since the abolition of slavery.
By the 19th century the city was in decline. The maritime trade suffered because of wars with France and England, and at first paying the French and English to maintain the freedom of the seas seemed like a good idea, but very quickly the costs mounted up, leaving Amsterdam stripped of its wealth.
This also meant a huge increase in poverty for Amsterdam, and several freezing winters caused transport problems which quickly led to food shortages. With Britain blockading the coast because of their support in the American war of Independence, the British very quickly started to attack Dutch trading posts around the world which led to the dissolving of both the Dutch East India, and Dutch West India trading companies.
Today, the canals are host to many colourful events, most notably Queen’s day and Gay Pride both featuring lots of music, festivities and dancing. With all of the celebrations going on in Amsterdam this year, the Canal festival in August is set to be a highlight, with both indoor and outdoor performances of classical music in different locations all over the city.
The best way to explore the city’s canals is on the water and there are several boat companies offering different packages, so you can experience the canals both during the day and at night. If you’re looking for a bit more of an adventure though, from April onwards you can learn how to paddleboard in the Ij and on Amsterdam’s canals (although it’s closed during the winter, because nobody wants to fall into the freezing water).